News & Analysis

Weekly Summary: An Environment of Caution

May 22, 2020

By Deepta Bolaky
 @DeeptaGOMarkets

Geopolitical Tensions

In the middle of a pandemic, the world’s two most powerful economies are embroiled in a new war of words surrounding the novel coronavirus. After two long years of trade tensions, the coronavirus blame game is creating a more divisive relationship between the two countries, making communications more difficult. 

The Trump Administration is focusing on China’s lack of transparency and the early inadequate response to the virus, while China is looking at the US’ mismanagement of the virus whereby the death toll is the highest in the world. 


Source:abc.net.au

 

Reshaping the Political Dynamics

As the pandemic continues to wreak havoc on the global economy and creates divisive political stances between politicians, policymakers and advisers both internally and across the globe, the political dynamics have now changed:

  • Beijing appears to be at the forefront of President Trump’s election campaign. The immediate attention, therefore, switches on the tough stance on China rather than the government’s handling of the coronavirus and the fallout of the US economy. The national polls show that Joe Biden has a lead over President Donald Trump as Covid-19 is casting another dark cloud on his troubled presidency.
  • China has emerged from the worst of the crisis. Faced with an initial crisis of confidence, China’s successful containment of the virus has allowed President Xi to regain the trust of his people while casting aside the strict measures imposed in Wuhan. Amid accusation of an early cover-up and manipulation of data, China wants to be seen as the country that can end it. China has even pledged $2 billion to help the global fight against COVID-19 and that any vaccine discovered by them would be made a “public good”.

This week we have also noted the stark warnings from the IMF to world governments against allowing the pandemic to be the reason for protectionism. 

Investors are navigating in a tough market where the escalating tensions between the two largest economies could have more lasting impacts than the negative effect of the coronavirus and the threat of a second wave of outbreak. 

 

COVID-19 Updates

Vaccine 

Moderna Inc, the Massachusetts-based biotechnology firm announced some positive interim results of the Phase 1 Data for its mRNA vaccine which has raised hopes of the Moderna team moving as fast as safely as possible towards a vaccine. 

Independent Coronavirus Inquiry

At the World Health Assembly held earlier this month, the WHO passed a resolution to initiate a step-wise process of impartial, independent and comprehensive evaluation. The WHO calls for the review to be seen as experience gained and lessons learnt for better preparedness to ensure that the 2020 coronavirus pandemic is never repeated. 

Fears of a Second Outbreak

Doctors have warned that the new clusters of cases in China in the north-east region appear to carry the virus for a “longer period of time” and patients take “longer to recover” compared to the original outbreak in Wuhan. 

Stock Market

Amid the struggles of reopening economies, geopolitical tensions, and some positive developments of the virus front, global equities swung between gains and losses as uncertainty prevails. 

As of writing, major US equity indices were still up for the week driven by the optimism from the reopening of economies and the large fiscal and monetary stimulus packages. Stocks in the European and US markets are flaring better than the Asia/Pacific region in the last five days.

World Equity Indices 

Source: Bloomberg 

Hong Kong shares took a beating on Friday and fell the most in almost two months as China moves to pass a national security law in Hong Kong that could disrupt the city’s high degree of autonomy. 

Investors pulled from Hong Kong stocks as concerns that the controversial law would kickstart another wave of street protests and also would force the US to reassess the special trading privileges of Hong Kong. 


Source: Bloomberg 

Forex Market

Economic reports continue to showcase the drastic impact of the coronavirus on the global economy. As risk sentiment fluctuates, the price movement in the FX space was mostly driven by the virus-related updates and geopolitical tensions. 

The greenback eased against major currencies dragged by rising tensions between the US and China. The Antipodeans were among the best-performing currencies as commodities prices firm and both countries appear to have contained the virus better than their peers. 


Source: Bloomberg 

Aussie Dollar

The Antipodean rose higher this week despite dismal economic data reiterating the economic pain:

Preliminary Retail turnover falls 17.9 per cent in April: Unlike March figures which reflected the unprecedented demand in the food retailing industry and a mixed impact related to COVID-19 across industries, the figures have shown strong falls in almost every industry with no offsetting rises in the other industries.

Westpac Leading Index: The growth has collapsed from -1.06% to -5.16% in just two months. The speed of the collapse in the index is unprecedented as previous lows was a deterioration gathered over a period of six to twelve months.

The AUDUSD pair reclaimed and consolidated around the 0.65 level, a key psychological level to monitor before traders eye the 0.70 level. The Reserve Bank of Australia’s less-dovish stance compared to other central banks is an important factor behind the resilience of the AUD. The RBA has scaled down quantitative easing and appears reluctant to start negative rates. 

AUDUSD (Weekly Chart)


Source: GO MT4

Sterling Pound

The Pound struggled to edge higher despite a weaker US dollar. On the economic front, the jobs reports have been mixed:

  • Claimant count jumped by 856.5k, much higher than the 150k that was forecasted. 
  • ILO Unemployment rate dropped from 4% to 3.9%, which came below the 4.4% expected. 

However, the main driver was the BoE’s stance on negative interest rates. After growing speculations, the BoE’s governor stated that negative rates were under review which has kept a lid on the recovery of the GBPUSD pair. 

Gold 

Despite positive headlines which are driving the markets, the virus concerns, uncertainties and geopolitical tensions are creating an environment of caution. After surging to more than 7-year high, the XAUUSD pair traded in a tight range around $1,745 before retreating to $1,725.

By Deepta Bolaky
 @DeeptaGOMarkets

Key upcoming events

    • National Consumer Price Index (Japan)
    • Public Sector Net Borrowing and Retail Sales (UK)
    • Markit Manufacturing, Services and Composite PMI (Germany)
    • Markit Manufacturing, Services and Composite PMI (Germany)
    • ZEW Survey – Expectations (Switzerland)
    • Retail Sales (Canada)

Monday, 25 May 2020 
Indicative Index Dividends
Dividends are in Points
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0.049000000
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Disclaimer: Articles and videos from GO Markets analysts are based on their independent analysis. Views expressed are of their own and of a ‘general’ nature. Advice (if any) are not based on the reader’s personal objectives, financial situation or needs.  Readers should, therefore, consider how appropriate the advice (if any) is to their objectives, financial situation and needs, before acting on the advice. For more information on trading, check out our CFD trading courses.

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